Applied research projects
The stimulation of innovation in health care system with competitions and awards: practices from other countries and recommendations for Estonia
Type: Research grant from Estonian Academy of Sciences
RND coordinator: Dr. Veiko Lember
Description: According to the invitation of the call the survey is a part of developing the strategy for health care's science, development and innovation strategy. The fostering of innovation in the health care system will be one of the planned activity directions. The survey will provide the input to turn one idea of activities - the activation of an award competition to stimulate innovation in health care system - more specific. The survey will result in mapping practices from other countries and determining the main frames of award competitions by taking account the Estonian context. Based on the results solutions will be proposed how to make policies that support innovation in Estonian health care system.
Monitoring Science and Innovation Policy
Type: Monitoring program financed by the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research and the EU (ESF)
RND coordinator: Prof. Rainer Kattel (project in collaboration with the University of Tartu)
Description: By assuring the necessary studies for shaping policies and making strategic choices, as a result of this program the quality of science and innovation policy will be improved. The aim of the program is to support the implementation of "Knowledge-based Estonia", which is the Estonian Research and Development and Innovation Strategy for 2007-2013, to develop the consequent strategy for the years 2014-2020, and to implement studies that would endorse the development of related measures.
Enabling a Global Vision for the Baltic cleantech industry
Type: INTERREG IVA
Principal investigator: Dr. Tarmo Kalvet
Keywords: Central Baltic region, cleantech industry, SMEs, barriers for international growth
Summary of the project: The Baltic region encompassed by the Central Baltic programme represents an excellent breeding ground for SMEs in the cleantech industry. The region hosts leading research organisations on both national and international level, is characterised by high customer awareness and has a strong SME sector with innovative products and services. Despite excellent possibilities for growth, an international demand for new products and services and already validated technical solutions and business models, statistics show that the Baltic and also Nordic cleantech companies struggle to establish themselves on the international level as less than 10% of the aggregated sales volume stem from international markets. The main barrier for growth still resides in the fact that in general companies are too small and do not have access to global networks. At the same time, suitable support structures are often insufficient or missing on a regional level that can help to stimulate and coordinate the actions needed. In brief, the aim of the Global Vision project is to address and analyse perceived barriers for growth through a transregional project with the focus on assessing the situation of the cleantech industry and existing context and policies, developing tools and approaches, as well as developing new structures and processes for supporting the growth of the cleantech industry in the Central Baltic area and beyond. The project will be conducted in the CB area, including regions from Sweden (covering regions Örebro, Stockholm and Östergötland), Estonia and Latvia.
Emergence of the Clean Technologies Sector in the Baltic Sea Region (Valdmaa and Kalvet, 2011): http://www.global-vision.se/PDF%20Downloads/GlobalVisionCleantechReport_111207.pdf
Development of joint Master studies module on business environment of Russia and countries of the Neighborhood Policy to increase the export capacities of Estonian companies in eastern markets
Type: Research grant from SA Archimedes
Principle investigator: Prof. Rainer Kattel
Description: The overall goal is to introduce students to the political economy theories formulated by the school of world-systems analysis Fernand Braudel, Immanuel Wallerstein, Giovanni Arrighi. Russian empire is used as the main reference point to illustrate how did in actual history function the mechanisms of state-building, geopolitics, world market incorporation, backwardness and modernizations, moreover the dilemmas of semi-peripheral development. Russia is taken in both historical continuity since the formation of modern world-system in the 16th century and in the comparative perspective related primarily to the past empires of Ottoman Turkey, Poland-Lithuania, and Sweden, as well as Japan. Then we discuss state socialism or Leninism as a major example of developmental dictatorship shaped by the military-industrial geopolitics of the 20th century. Lastly, post-communist Russia helps to understand the origins of neo-liberal globalization and the new dilemmas emerging in the early 21st century. Students will be encouraged to analyze the existing politico-economic situation in Russia by means of the analytical tools presented at the course. Students will be expected to explain the development of Russian administrative-political system within theoretical perspectives and the main challenges for state-building and modernization in the 21st century.
The development of curricula of TUT and UT in the field of innovation in cooperating with public and private sector organisations
Type: Research grant from SA Archimedes
Principle investigator: Prof. Rainer Kattel
Description: Within a project activities are carried out that support internal and external creation of cooperation networks between universities, enterprises, R&D institutions, and public institutions. The general purpose of the project is to develop partnership relations with the representatives of enterprises and to map the educational needs in cooperation. By using the approach of triple-helix concept, the narrower objective is to guarantee the sustainable development of technology, innovation and entrepreneurship-related education on Estonian higher education landscape and to prepare experts for dealing with developmental issues through degree education and training. By trilateral interaction - government-university-industry - and forming feedback mechanisms modern curricula, relevant policy decisions, and the competitiveness of enterprises would be ensured. Also, the aim is to generate a joint module, e-learning environment and support infrastructure, and to get practitioners engaged in teaching. During the project the following activities will be carried out: conducting discussion seminars, establishment of information channels, invovling practitioners into teaching activities, providing internship places for students at partner organisations, and offering education at renewed degree and training programmes.
Business Models of Intellectual Property Based Firms: Open Innovation Based Business Models and their Applicability in Estonia
Type: Research grant from the Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Principle investigator: Dr. Tarmo Kalvet (project in collaboration with the University of Tartu, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)
Description: The Open Innovation model implies that enterprises can and should use both internal and external ideas and knowledge to advance their innovation processes. It also implies that internal ideas can be taken to the market through external channels (e.g. spin-offs, external licensing of intellectual property) to generate additional value. This new paradigm inspires enterprises to find the most appropriate business model to commercialize new products or services, regardless whether that model exists within the enterprise or must be sought externally. The project departures from the Open Innovation Based Business Models framework and develops it further from the perspective of small transition economy (and the case of Estonia), looks at the intellectual property commercialisation strategies of the largest intellectual property holders (Universities) and companies connected to them, as well as the change in business models due to the emergence of global production networks.