The fundamental principles of Engineering Pedagogy have been elaborated, and formulated in general sense by Prof Dr Adolf Melezinek (Klagenfurt University, Austria). Accordingly Engineering Pedagogy is an interdisciplinary essential element of the sience-based system of engineering education.
The aim of Engineering Pedagogy (Engineering Education Science) is to implement integral thinking in terms of Science as Art, combining the science of teaching with the art of the teacher, i.e. with the teacher's personality. The teaching process should be inspired in a scientific manner applying as many calculation methods as possible and making teaching activities meaningfully algorithmic. However, human beings and art, which inspires teaching and adds creativity, should maintain their roles in the instruction process. The teacher's art should be applied in accordance with the science, exploring the effectiveness of teaching processes.
The methodology of Engineering Pedagogy as the science of the most common laws, principles and methods of scientific and technical knowledge, search for new ideas and theories and their realisation, the contents and structure of engineering activities has been considered. The object of Engineering Pedagogy is the pedagogical system of training engineers, the subject is described as designing and realising of professional training contents, organisation forms, methods, the process of specialist’s personality formation. The basic notions and categories are the same as in general pedagogy: aims, principles, organisation form, etc, enriched with new contents taking into account the objectives of engineering education. The categories specific for Engineering Pedagogy are scientific and technical knowledge, engineering activity, specialist’s personality and communication in the process of professional activity.